What is a House in Multiple Occupation (HMO)?
A rented property is considered a House in Multiple Occupation if:
What is a ‘household’?
A household is defined as either a single person or members of the same family who live together. A family includes people who are:
married or living together (including same-sex couples)
relatives or half-relatives (eg grandparents, aunts, uncles, siblings)
step-parents and step-children
What are my responsibilities if I let a HMO?
As well as all your normal legal responsibilities you must ensure:
smoke detectors are installed
electrics are checked every five years
that the property is not overcrowded (there should be a separate room for sleeping for each couple, each single person over 21, and for every two young people aged over 10 years)
there are adequate cooking and washing facilities
communal areas and shared facilities are clean and in good repair
What is the minimum room size for sleeping?
National minimum room sizes for sleeping will be introduced:
- Minimum 4.64 square metres – one person under 10 years
- Minimum 6.51 square metres – one person over 10 years
- Minimum 10.22 square metres – two people over 10 years
- Any room where the ceiling height is less than 1.5 metres cannot be used towards any minimum room size
You must contact your local council to determine whether you need a HMO licence before you let to tenants. If not, you could risk a fine of up to £20,000.